Nature of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Nature of Business and Significant Accounting Policies||
Note 1 – Nature of Business and Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Business
One World Pharma, Inc. (formerly Punto Group, Corp.) was incorporated in Nevada on September 2, 2014. On February 21, 2019, One World Pharma, Inc. (“One World Pharma,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with OWP Merger Subsidiary, Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary, and OWP Ventures, Inc. (“OWP Ventures”), which is the parent company of One World Pharma SAS, a Colombian company (“OWP Colombia”). Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, we acquired OWP Ventures (and indirectly, OWP Colombia) by the merger of OWP Merger Subsidiary with and into OWP Ventures, with OWP Ventures being the surviving entity as our wholly-owned subsidiary (the “Merger”). As a result of the Merger (a) holders of the outstanding capital stock of OWP Ventures received an aggregate of 39,475,398 shares of our common stock; (b) options to purchase 825,000 shares of common stock of OWP Ventures at an exercise price of $0.50 automatically converted into options to purchase 825,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.50; (c) the outstanding principal and interest under a $300,000 convertible note issued by OWP Ventures became convertible, at the option of the holder, into shares of our common stock at a conversion price equal to the lesser of $0.424 per share or 80% of the price we sell our common stock in a future “Qualified Offering”; (d) 875,000 shares of our common stock owned by OWP Ventures prior to the Merger were cancelled; and (e) OWP Ventures’ chief operating officer became our chief operating officer and two of OWP Ventures’ directors became members of our board of directors. The Company’s headquarters are located in Las Vegas, Nevada, and all of its customers are expected to be outside of the United States. On January 10, 2019, the Company changed its name from Punto Group, Corp. to One World Pharma, Inc.
OWP Ventures is a holding company formed in Delaware on March 27, 2018 to enter and support the cannabis industry, and on May 30, 2018, it acquired OWP Colombia. OWP Colombia is a licensed cannabis cultivation, production and distribution (export) company located in Popayán, Colombia (nearest major city is Cali). We plan to be a producer of raw cannabis and hemp plant ingredients for both medical and industrial uses across the globe. We have received licenses to cultivate, produce and distribute the raw ingredients of the cannabis and hemp plant for medicinal, scientific and industrial purposes. Specifically, we are one of the only companies in Colombia to receive seed, cultivation, extraction and export licenses from the Colombian government. Currently, we own approximately 30 acres and have a covered greenhouse built specifically to cultivate high-grade cannabis and hemp. In addition, we have entered into agreements with local farming co-operatives that include small farmers and indigenous tribe members, under which they will cultivate cannabis on up to approximately 140 acres of land using our seeds and propagation techniques, and sell their harvested products to us on an exclusive basis. We planted our first crop of cannabis in 2018, which we began harvesting in the first quarter of 2019 for the purpose of further research and development activities and quality control testing of the cannabis we have produced. To date, we have not yet generated any revenues from our activities.
The Merger was accounted for as a reverse merger (recapitalization) with OWP Ventures deemed to be the accounting acquirer. Accordingly, the financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q reflect the historical operations of OWP Ventures and its wholly-owned subsidiary OWP SAS prior to the Merger, and that of the combined company following the Merger. The historical financial information for One World Pharma, Inc. (formerly Punto Group Corp.) prior to the Merger has been omitted.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) and the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company and the accompanying notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been included. Such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and the accompanying notes, are prepared in accordance with GAAP and do not contain certain information included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, and Current Report on Form 8-K with respect to the Merger originally filed with the SEC on February 25, 2019, as amended and restated on July 12, 2019. The interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with that Annual Report on Form 10-K and Current Report on Form 8-K. Results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that might be expected for the entire fiscal year.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the following entities, all of which were under common control and ownership at September 30, 2019:
(1)Holding company in the form of a corporation.
(2)Holding company in the form of a corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of One World Pharma, Inc.
(3)Wholly-owned subsidiary of OWP Ventures, Inc. since May 30, 2018, located in Colombia and legally constituted as a simplified stock company registered in the Chamber of Commerce of Bogotá on July 18, 2017. Its headquarters are located in Bogotá.
The consolidated financial statements herein contain the operations of the wholly-owned subsidiaries listed above. The Company’s headquarters are located in Las Vegas, Nevada and substantially all of its production efforts are within Popayán, Colombia.
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency of the Company is Columbian Peso (COP). The Company has maintained its financial statements using the functional currency, and translated those financial statements to the US Dollar (USD) throughout this report. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet dates. Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transaction. Exchange gains or losses arising from foreign currency transactions are included in the determination of net income (loss) for the respective periods.
The Company has adopted ASC 220, Reporting Comprehensive Income, which establishes standards for reporting and displaying comprehensive income, its components, and accumulated balances in a full-set of general-purpose financial statements. Accumulated other comprehensive income represents the accumulated balance of foreign currency translation adjustments.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
ASC Topic 280, “Segment Reporting,” requires use of the “management approach” model for segment reporting. The management approach model is based on the way a company’s management organizes segments within the company for making operating decisions and assessing performance. The Company operates as a single segment and will evaluate additional segment disclosure requirements as it expands its operations.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Under FASB ASC 820-10-05, the Financial Accounting Standards Board establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. This Statement reaffirms that fair value is the relevant measurement attribute. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements as reflected herein. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses reported on the balance sheets are estimated by management to approximate fair value primarily due to the short-term nature of the instruments.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, cash on deposit with various financial institutions in Columbia, and all highly-liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase. We have not held any cash equivalents to date.
Cash in Excess of FDIC Insured Limits
The Company maintains its cash in bank deposit accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. Accounts are guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) up to $250,000, under current regulations. The Company had $220,279 in excess of FDIC insured limits at September 30, 2019, and has not experienced any losses in such accounts.
The Company has adopted ASC 606 — Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue from the sale of commercial sales of products, licensing agreements and contracts. For the comparative periods, revenue has not been adjusted and continues to be reported under ASC 605 — Revenue Recognition.
There was no impact on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting ASC 606 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, or the year ended December 31, 2018.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined on a standard cost basis that approximates the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Market is determined based on net realizable value. Appropriate consideration is given to obsolescence, excessive levels, deterioration, and other factors in evaluating net realizable value. Our cannabis products consist of cannabis flower grown in-house, along with produced extracts.
The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to employees in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718 Stock Compensation (ASC 718) and Equity-Based Payments to Non-employees pursuant to ASC 505-50 (ASC 505-50). All transactions in which goods or services are the consideration received for the issuance of equity instruments are accounted for based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument issued, whichever is more reliably measurable. The measurement date of the fair value of the equity instrument issued is the earlier of the date on which the counterparty’s performance is complete or the date at which a commitment for performance by the counterparty to earn the equity instruments is reached because of sufficiently large disincentives for nonperformance.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
The basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss adjusted on an “as if converted” basis, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus potential dilutive securities. For the periods presented, potential dilutive securities had an anti-dilutive effect and were not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per common share.
Adoption of New Accounting Standards and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. An entity should apply the requirements of Topic 718 to nonemployee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of cost (that is, the period of time over which share-based payment awards vest and the pattern of cost recognition over that period). The new guidance is effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. There was no impact on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting this ASU for the nine month period ending September 30, 2019 or the year ended December 31, 2018.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. The guidance permits entities to reclassify tax effects stranded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income as a result of tax reform to retained earnings. This new guidance is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted in annual and interim periods and can be applied retrospectively or in the period of adoption. There was no impact on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting this ASU for the nine month period ending September 30, 2019 or the year ended December 31, 2018.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting, which clarifies when a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as a modification. The new guidance requires modification accounting if the fair value, vesting condition or the classification of the award is not the same immediately before and after a change to the terms and conditions of the award. The new guidance is effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. There was no impact on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting this ASU for the nine month period ending September 30, 2019 or the year ended December 31, 2018.
In February 2016, the FASB established Topic 842, Leases, by issuing ASU No. 2016-02, which requires lessees to recognize the rights and obligations created by leases on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements, ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, and ASU No. 2018-01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842. The new standard establishes a right-of-use model (ROU) that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with a term longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the statement of operations.
The new standard became effective January 1, 2019. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either (1) its effective date or (2) the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. If an entity chooses the second option, the transition requirements for existing leases also apply to leases entered into between the date of initial application and the effective date. The entity must also recast its comparative period financial statements and provide the disclosures required by the new standard for the comparative periods. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition approach as of the effective date of the initial application. Consequently, financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and periods before January 1, 2019. The new standard provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition. The Company elected the “package of practical expedients”, which permits entities not to reassess under the new lease standard prior conclusions about lease identification, lease classification and initial direct costs. The Company does not expect to elect the use-of-hindsight or the practical expedient pertaining to land easements.
The most significant effects of the adoption of the new standard relate to the recognition of new ROU assets and lease labilities on our balance sheet for office operating leases and providing significant new disclosures about our leasing activities.
The new standard also provides practical expedients for an entity’s ongoing accounting. The Company has also elected the short-term leases recognition exemption for all leases that qualify. This means that the Company will not recognize ROU assets or lease liabilities, and this includes not recognizing ROU assets and lease liabilities, for existing short-term leases of those assets in transition. The Company also currently expects to elect the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for its leases. The new standard did not have a material impact.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Since ASU 2014-09 was issued, several additional ASUs have been issued to clarify various elements of the guidance. These standards provide guidance on recognizing revenue, including a five-step model to determine when revenue recognition is appropriate. The standard requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of control of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. We adopted the new standard to be effective upon inception. We have completed an initial evaluation of the potential impact from adopting the new standard, including a detailed review of performance obligations for all material revenue streams. Based on this initial evaluation, adoption does not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Related disclosures have been expanded in line with the requirements of the standard.
There are no other recently issued accounting pronouncements that the Company has yet to adopt that are expected to have a material effect on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef